December 7, 2006

Sige nga, explain niyo nga

Kaninang madaling araw ay inadopt ng kongreso ang house resolution na magko-convene sa kanila as a constituent assembly through a vote of a simple majority (meaning, more than 50%). May challenge ako sa inyong mga pilosopo.

Eto yung section ng house rules ng congress relating to constitutional amendments.

PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION

Section 104. Proposals. - The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths (3/4) of all its members, may propose revision or amendment(s) to the Constitution.

Section 105. Form of Proposals and Procedure for Adoption. - Proposals to amend or revise the Constitution shall be by resolution which may be filed at any time by any Member. The adoption of resolutions proposing amendments to or revision of the Constitution shall follow the procedure for the enactment of bills.

Section 106. Constitutional Convention. - The Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds (2/3) of all its Members, call a constitutional convention or, by a majority vote of all its Members, submit to the electorate the question of calling such a convention.

Ngayon, nagkaroon ng amendment sa rules. Ganito na ang basa niya ngayon.

PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION

Section 104. Proposals. - The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths (3/4) of all its members, may propose revision or amendment(s) to the Constitution.

Section 105. Form of Proposals and Procedure for Adoption. - Proposals to amend or revise the Constitution shall be by resolution which may be filed at any time by any Member.

Section 106. Constitutional Convention. - The Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds (2/3) of all its Members, call a constitutional convention or, by a majority vote of all its Members, submit to the electorate the question of calling such a convention.

Pansinin niyo, inalis na yung second sentence sa Section 105. So ibig sabihin raw nito, proposals to amend the constitution shall not follow the procedure for the enactment of bills. Di na dadaan sa committee, wala nang first, second, third reading, etc.

Are you following me so far? Ok! Ngayon, hinain yung House Resolution na nagpopropose na i-convene ang Congress into a constituent assembly. Ito raw ay proposal to amend or revise the Constitution kaya under Section 105 (as revised). Kaya ibig sabihin daw ay hindi na ito dadaan sa procedure for the enactment of bills, mabilis na ang proseso.

Ngayon, paano raw ia-adopt ang House Resolution na ito? Through simple majority raw at hindi three-fourths (3/4). Kasi raw, hindi ito under ng Section 104 dahil hindi naman daw ito nagpo-propose ng amendment or revision sa Constitution. Nagpo-propose lang daw ito ng pag-convene ng constituent assembly.

Nalito ba kayo? Eto ulitin ko.

Yung House Resolution to convene a constituent assembly ay proposal to amend or revise the Constitution kaya under Section 105 (as revised). Pero hindi ito under ng Section 104 dahil hindi naman daw ito nagpo-propose ng amendment or revision sa Constitution.

Ok, gets niyo na?

Ako hindi.

Please email your explanations to akosipaeng@gmail.com or post your comments below. Best explanations will merit a separate front page post. Hehehe.

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Parekoy! Bale ganito yun:

Secs. 1 and 2 of Art. XVII of the Constitution provide:

"Sec.1. Any amendment to, or revision of, this Constitution may be proposed by:
"(1) The Congress, upon a vote of three-fourths of all its Members; or
"(2) A Constitutional Convention.

"Sec. 2. Amendments to this Constitution may likewise be directly proposed by the people through initiative xxx"

Ngayon, dahil hindi nagtagumpay yung mga kulokoy sa paggamit ng Sec. 2, dalawa na lang ang pagpipilian ng mga desperado. At yung paragraph 1 ng Section 1 ang pinupuntirya nila. Ang so-called “Con-Ass” (term na nababagay nga sa kanila).

Under said paragraph 1, Congress (as Con-Ass) will propose amendments to the Constitution. Dito ilalatag ng Congress (as Con-Ass) yung mga specific provisions na gusto nilang lumitaw sa Constitution pag na-ratify na ng mga tao.

Ngayon, para ma-constitute o ma-convert nila yung Congress into Con-Ass under paragpraph 1 of Section 1, o para magtawag ang Congress ng election ng members of the Constitutional Convention under paragraph 2, somebody has to propose for it. And when that somebody proposes for such constitution or conversion, or calling of election, definitely wala na syang ibang purpose kundi ang i-amend yung Constitution. So, in effect, he is proposing to amend the Constitution. Obviously, ayaw nila ng Constitutional Convention kasi maraming disadvantages ito para sa kanila, e.g., pwedeng makapasok dito yung mga taong ayaw nila.

Being such, pasok nga, technically, sa Rule 105, kasi, as you said “ito daw ay proposal to amend or revise the Constitution.” At hindi sa Rule 104 kasi wala pang nagpo-propose ng specific amendments or revisions.

Eto na ngayon… tinrabaho nila yung Rule 105 para pag may “nag-propose” na i-amend yung Constitution (either thru Con-Ass or Con-Con, [well… Con-Ass talaga ang gusto ng mga ***hole na yun]), hindi na dadaan sa regular procedure for enactment of bills yung pag-constitute o pag-convert. Legally speaking, may point sila dito. Hindi na kasi ito exercise of legislative power or functions ng Congress, kaya pwede nilang hindi i-apply yung legislation procedure. Exercise of constituent powers na ito. On this score, malamang mag-rule ng “judicial restraint” ang Supreme Court pag kinuwestiyon ito sa kanila on the ground of separation of powers. Sasabihin: Congress has the wide discretion to adopt its own rules of procedure, and as long as the same does not go against the Constitution, and absent showing of grave abuse of discretion, the Court will not disturb the exercise of discretion.

(Eto ang problema ngayon at dito mauuwi ang prusisyon: ang debate tungkol sa vote of ¾ of all members of Congress, kung joint voting ba ito o separate. Kahit tanggalin ko ang bias ko against Con-Ass, I go for the argument na separate voting ito.)

-dave

Jerome aka Bridget Jones said...

(crickets chirp)